Apollodoro di Atene e la dottrina aristarchea: l’armatura degli eroi omerici e l’uso dei τρόποι. Una rilettura di P.Oxy. 2260 col. I (Περὶ θεῶν)
| AEVUM ANTIQUUM - 2015 - 15
In P.Oxy. 2260, col. I (from Apollodorus’ treatise About the Gods, 2nd c. BCE) Athena’s epithet δολιχάορος is rejected, since a correct etymology of it is inconsistent with the iconography of the goddess. A new reading of the papyrus offers a more correct analysis of this very passage. The comment aims also to show how much Apollodorus ows to his teacher Aristarchus, from the antiquarian point of view (the armour of the Homeric heroes) as well as from the rhetorical one (which is confirmed by many Aristonicean scholia). Significantly, P.Oxy. 2260 attests the use of the term τρόπος in a rhetorical sense, thereby predating the hitherto first known occurrences of it (Philodemus and Cicero). The Hellenistic debate on the poetic term ἄορ (Philetas; Callimachus) is also reconstructed, as well as the ancient interpretations of Apollo’s epithet χρυσάορος. Finally, some reflections on the categories used by Apollodorus in interpreting the divine epithets...